suhrawardi silsilah upsc

Khanqah (hospice) was the centre of activities of Sufi orders. endobj HCS 2020 : complete guidance; Is HCS exam conducted every year? Khusrau took pride in being an Indian and looked at the history and culture of Hindustan as a part of his own tradition. stream 18 0 obj The devotion for Krishna was expressed through Sankirtans (hymn session by devotees) which took place in homes, temples and even street processions. He created a new style called sabaq-i-hindi. It must be noted that the Sufi saints were not setting up a new religion, but were preparing a more liberal movement within the framework of Islam. �z@� �0&�2�Գ��ɹ They opposed sati and female infanticide. �z@� �0& x�3R��2�35W(�*T0P�R0T(�Y@��� Sheikh Fariduddin of Ajodhan (Pattan in Pakistan) popularised the Chishti silsilah in modern Haryana and Punjab. /Resources 30 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 67 >> Women and outcasts were welcomed. �!>f endobj SHORT NOTES POLITY & CONSTITUTION: GENERAL KNOWLEDGE SERIES FOR ALL COMPETITIVE EXAMS : SSC UPSC CDS RAILWAY STATE PSCs TET ARMY NAVY POLICE TEACHING CLERK. Some of the eminent Suhrawardi saints were Sayyid Jalaluddin Surkhpush (the red dressed one, d.1292) who was a disciple of Zakariya. The Quran is eternal and uncreated. .� <> He was a blind poet, whose songs are centered around Krishna. While the Chistis were active in Delhi, Rajasthan, and parts of the western Gangetic plains, and in the later years in the eastern regions of the Gangetic plain (Bihar and Bengal) … The saints stressed equality, disregarded the caste system and attacked institutionalised religion. Sheikh Baqi Billah the successor to Khawaja Bahauddin Naqshbandi settled near Delhi, and his successor Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi attempted to purge Islam from all liberal and what […] �z@� �0& <> He set up a leading khanqah in Multan, which was visited by rulers, high government officials and rich merchants. �z@� �0&�2�Գ��ɹ UPSC. Shaikh Hamiduddin, before him, wrote in Hindawi. By continuing, I agree that I am at least 13 years old and have read and agree to the. e.g. /Resources 30 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 67 >> They opposed the vulgar  display of wealth in public life and the readiness of the ulema to serve “ungodly” rulers. %PDF-1.4 Thus we find Jnanadeva writing in Marathi, Kabir, Surdas and Tulsidas in Hindi, Shankaradeva popularising Assamese, Chaitanya and Chandidas spreading their message in Bengali, Mirabai in Hindi and Rajasthani. x�3R��2�35W(�*T0P�R0T(�Y@��� The khanqah of Qutubuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki was also visited by people from all walks of life. Ba-shara were those orders that followed the Islamic Law (Sharia) and its directives such as namaz and roza. The mystics of this Order stressed on the observance of the shariat and denounced all innovations or biddat. During this period, another movement based upon devotion towards a sakar form of God had also developed. UPSC Chapter 9 - Religion and Philosophy in Medieval India - Notes, UPSC / IAS Exam UPSC Notes | EduRev Summary and Exercise are very important for One of his dohas conveyed that if by worshipping a stone (idol) one could attain God, then he was willing to worship a mountain. They accepted gifts, jagirs and even government posts in the ecclersiastical department.The Suhrawardi silsila was firmly established in Punjab and Sind. Saints like Kabir and Nanak stressed upon the reordering of society along egalitarian lines. Each teacher-student relationship forms a link in a chain which connects any authentic Sufi Order back to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). <> �!>� endobj (5) Write a short paragraph on the Vaishnovite movement of India?ANSWERS TO INTEXT QUESTIONS9.1(1) Scholars with orthodox sunni ideas. endobj 17. x�3R��2�35W(�*T0P�R0T(�Y@��� (3) Al-Hujwari(4) Fourteen(5) Sharia(6) Ajmer(7) Sheikh Nasiruddin Mahmud.9.2(1) Bhagavata Purana(2) Sikh religion(3) These ideas were drawn from the Hindu and Muslim traditions. Chaitanya considered Krishna not as a mere incarnation of Vishnu but as the highest form of God. 3 0 obj The interaction between early Bhakti and Sufi ideas laid the foundation for more liberal movements of the fifteenth century. x�3R��2�35W(�*T0P�R0T(�Y@��� �z@� �0& x�3R��2�35W(�*T0P�R0T(�Y@��� <> His philosophy came to be known as Pushtimarga (the path of grace) and the school was called Rudrasampradaya.WHAT YOU HAVE LEARNT(1) The Bhakti and Sufi movements were liberal movements within Hinduism and Islam emphasising a new and more personalised relationship between the human being and God. If you want Chapter 9 - Religion and Philosophy in Medieval India - Notes, UPSC / IAS Exam UPSC Notes | EduRev Another famous Chishti saint was Sheikh Nasiruddin Mahmud, popularly known as Nasiruddin Chirag-i-Dilli (The Lamp of Delhi). 33 0 obj In particular, it may be translated as " (religious) order" or "spiritual genealogy " where one Sufi Master transfers his khilfat to his spiritual descendant. 25 0 obj stream He believed that the Creator is One. �\ |�# At a time when society had become stagnant, the Bhakti saints infused new life and strength. Given below are two statements; one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R) : Assertion (A) : India had maritime trade with the Roman empire during the early centuries of the Christian era. endstream 29 0 obj They were taught how to run the government in accordance with orthodox Sunni ideas. (4) The Bhakti movement grew amongst Nayanars and Alvars of the south and stressed a new method of worship of God based upon devotional love. (3) The Bhakti Saints and the Sufi Saints were the two faces of a coin. �\ |�& The Sufis were mystics who called for liberalism in Islam. x�3R��2�35W(�*T0P�R0T(�Y@��� Organisation of the sufis into various orders (silsilah). stream Their ideas were drawn from both Hindu and Islamic traditions and were aimed at bridging the gulf between the Hindus and the Muslims. using search above. endobj You can see some Chapter 9 - Religion and Philosophy in Medieval India - Notes, UPSC / IAS Exam UPSC Notes | EduRev sample questions with examples at the bottom of this page. Year: 2019. 6 0 obj endobj <> stream �\ � S Its main exponents were Surdas, Mirabai, Tulsidas and Chaitanya. (2) The message of the Sufi movement was universal love and brotherhood of man. The Qalandars belonged to this group.The Chishti Silsilah The Chishti order was founded in a village called Khwaja Chishti (near Heart). �z@� �0&�2�Գ��ɹ Kabir’s belief in the unity of God led both Hindus and Muslims to become his disciples.Kabir’s ideas were not restricted to religion. The Sufi philosophy also differed from the ulema. Home ... Dara Sikoh, the eldest son of Shah Jahan, was the follower of the _____ Sufi Silsilah (order). Students preparing for various Civil Services exam through NeoStencil and its partner institutes have secured 43 out of top … .� (2) Orthodox doctrine of Islam religion. endobj They also translated Sanskrit works to make them understandable to a wider audience. It is a strictly Sunni order, guided by the Shafi`i school of Islamic law (), and, like many such orders, traces its spiritual genealogy to Ali ibn Abi Talib through Junayd Baghdadi and al-Ghazali.It played an important role in the formation of a conservative ‘new piety’ and in the … • The … <> They owed their allegiance to the Quran as much as the ulema did.Sufism in IndiaThe advent of Sufism in India is said to be in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. you will find followers of only one of them.Among the Sunnis, there are four principal schools of Islamic Law, These are based upon the Quran and Hadis (traditions of the Prophet’s saying and doings). The Sufis came to India via Afghanistan on their own free will. Like the Bhakti saints who were engaged in breaking down the barriers within Hinduism, the Sufis too infused a new liberal outlook within Islam. He was helpful to the poor and needy. Khanqahs were the important centres of teaching, preaching and learning. 32 0 obj �����c����� k�� stream For them caste had no meaning and all human being’s were equal. In Urdu, Silsila means saga. �\ }) endobj Baba Farid recommended the use of Punjabi for religious writings. It was reflected in the emotional poems of the Nayanars (devotees of Shiva) and Alvars (devotees of Vishnu). The Suhrawardi Silsilah • This Silsilah was founded by ShihabuddinSuhrawardi in Baghdad. Silsila (Arabic: سِلْسِلَة ‎) is an Arabic word meaning chain, link, connection often used in various senses of lineage. �\ } ' No wonder then that the Muslims claim him as Sufi, the Hindus call him Rama-Bhakta and the Sikhs incorporate his songs in the Adi Granth. x�3R��2�35W(�*T0P�R0T(�Y@��� �z@� �0& This school believes that God knows, sees and speaks. �����c����� kl� Publishers Rainbow. �����c����� kz� /Resources 30 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 68 >> stream 8 0 obj <> The ultimate reality according to this philosophy is Brahman (God) and matter and soul are his qualities.Siva dvaita of Srikanth AcharyaAccording to this philosophy the ultimate Brahman is Shiva, endowed with Shakti. EduRev is like a wikipedia >> 35 0 obj They made no distinction of caste, creed or religion before God. It fact, The Islamic emphasis upon equality was respected far more by the Sufis than by the ulema.The doctrines of the Sufis were attacked by the orthodoxy. Although Kabir and Nanak had no intention of founding new religions but following their deaths, their supporters grouped together as Kabir panthis and Sikhs respectively.The importance of the Bhakti and Sufi saints lies in the new atmosphere created by them, which continued to affect the social, religious and political life of India even in later centuries. Of these the Hanafi school of the eighth century was adopted by the eastern Turks, who later came to India.The greatest challenge to orthodox Sunnism came from the rationalist philosophy or Mutazilas, who professed strict monotheism. You can download Free Chapter 9 - Religion and Philosophy in Medieval India - Notes, UPSC / IAS Exam UPSC Notes | EduRev pdf from EduRev by 7 www.iasscore.in Introduction The period between 750 AD and 1200 AD is referred to as an early medieval period of Indian History. His beliefs and ideas were reflected in the dohas (Sakhi) composed by him. The Sufi theory of Wahdat-al-Wujud (Unity of Being) was remarkably similar to that in the Hindu Upanishads. There was also much exchange of ideas between the Sufis and Indian yogis. The Suhrawardi Silsilah • This Silsilah was founded by ShihabuddinSuhrawardi in Baghdad. /Resources 30 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 67 >> The songs and the teachings of the Sufi and the Bhakti saints are relevant even today. x�3R��2�35W(�*T0P�R0T(�Y@��� endstream (3) Who was called Data Ganj Baksh? this is your one stop solution. �!> It was earlier treated by historians as a ‘dark phase’ because during this time the whole country This is the best History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims e-book even including all UPSC sample papers and study material from the best teachers and experts from all over the country. 34 0 obj Silsilah: orders. endstream Do check out the sample questions He showed a new path for the establishment of an egalitarian social order. �z@� �0& Namdev was a tailor. <> NeoStencil offers courses through its unique LIVE learning platform for UPSC/IAS - IES/GATE - SSC CGL and State PCS exams like Bihar Public Service Commission, where you can access classrooms and test series program of the best teachers of India, from the comfort of your home. (2) Adi Granth is a holy work of which religion? Free Download as PDF Indian Culture Quiz Questions and Answers for UPSC and other state public service commission exams or Indian Culture solved MCQs with answers. stream A pir nominated a successor or wali from his disciples to carry on his work. �����c����� ks� �z@� �0& The Suhrawardis, unlike the Chistis, accepted, maintenance grants from the Sultans. The Sufis turned to meditation in order to achieve religious satisfaction. 11 0 obj <> <> This movement, called the Vaishnavite movement, centered around the worship of Rama and Krishna, who were seen as incarnations (avatars) of Lord Vishnu. Art, Architecture and Literature by Shahid Ali, Chapter 6 - Indian Languages And Literature - I - Notes, UPSC / IAS Exam, Chapter 5 - Modern India (Part -1)- Notes, UPSC / IAS Exam. x�3R��2�35W(�*T0P�R0T(�Y@��� (3) How did Kabir and Guru Nanak become popular among the masses? This is �z@� �0&�2�Գ��ɹ Which one of the following was not part of Turkan-i-Chihalgani ? Basra in Iraq became the centre of Sufi activities. <> Complement your preparation for the Indian History segment of the UPSC Exams through the following links: NCERT Ancient Indian History Notes for UPSC; NCERT Medieval Indian History Notes for UPSC ; NCERT Modern Indian History Notes for UPSC; Stay updated with Current Affairs; Difference Between Bhakti and Sufi Movements Difference Between Alwars and Nayanars; Download NCERT … The Suhrawardi Silsilah This silsilah was founded by Sheikh Shihabuddin Suhrawardi. <> 20 0 obj Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi: Successor: Various, including Lal Shahbaz Qalander, Fakhr ud din Iraqi, Jalaluddin Rumi and Sayyid Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari: Baha-ud-din Zakariya (Urdu and Persian: بہاءُ الدین زکریا ‎) (c.1170 – 1262), also spelled Bahauddin Zakariya, and also known as Baha-ul-Haq and Bahauddin Zakariya Multani, was a Sunni Muslim scholar, Sufi saint and poet who established the … stream The Suhrawardi Silsilah was founded by Sheikh Shihabuddin Suhrawardi. 13 0 obj <> x���}V�N�ax6��D]��e%�J���+�w�<=%�)��7-������Ä��>>>� 9�K �v"�0B�!L�&B!���Da"�0B�!L�&B!���Da"�0B�!L�&B!���Da"�0B�!L�&B���4���m�����y��5{ ���t��w��#�V;�v���Da"�0B�!L�����`��r'@�وm~��� ��&B!���Da"���LQ�����?�_?q�㊇�����%������Da"�0B�!L�&B3Ox�k���-~��m~�����Da"�0B�!L�f���Q���h�>O�R�]FB!���Da"�0B�V�(�y �� Suhrawardi and the School of Illumination (Routledge Sufi The greatest exponent of this school was Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (1058-1111 AD), who is credited with having reconciled orthodoxy with mysticism. endobj �!>� You can also find Chapter 9 - Religion and Philosophy in Medieval India - Notes, UPSC / IAS Exam UPSC Notes | EduRev ppt and other UPSC slides as well. <> endstream Shiva exists in this world as well as beyond it.Dvaita of Madhavacharya The literal meaning of dvaita is dualism which stands in opposition to non-dualism and monism of Shankaracharya. were founded by a leading figure who lent his name to it. �z@� �0&�2�Գ��ɹ <> (1) Suhrawardi Silsilah (2) Rishi Silsilah (3) Chishti Silsilah (4) Firdausi Silsilah Answer: Option 1 46. �����ch����� {J Mirabai and Lalla (of Kashmir) composed verses that are popular even today.Amongst the non-sectarian Bhakti saints, the most outstanding contribution was made by Kabir and Guru Nanak. .� In the Indian subcontinent, this silsila was introduced by Bahauddin Zakariya Multani who was a contemporary of Baba Farid. (7) The Bhakti and Sufi saints made valuable contributions to medieval Indian society in terms of laying a liberal foundation and promoting a tremendous growth of regional literature and local languages.TERMINAL EXERCISES(1) How did Sufi movement progress in Islam? The popularity of the khanqah and its capacity to attract disciples depended on the reputation of the pir. The Sufi saints tried to bring about social reforms too.Like the Bhakti saints, the Sufi saints contributed greatly to the growth of a rich regional literature. He preferred to shun the company of rulers and nobles and kept aloof from the state. He was a great theologian who in 1095 began to lead a life of a Sufi. 24 0 obj Widowed at an early age, she believed in a spiritual marriage with her Lord. The Sufis organised samas (a recital of holy songs) to arouse mystical ecstasy. Like Kabir, Guru  Nanak was as much a social reformer as he was a religious teacher. Which one of the following pairs is NOT correctly matched? x�3R��2�35W(�*T0P�R0T(�Y@��� <> endstream <> endstream /Resources 30 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 67 >> In fact the hatha-yoga treatise Amrita Kunda was translated into Arabic and Persian.A notable contribution of the Sufis was their service to the poorer and downtrodden sections of society. x�3R��2�35W(�*T0P�R0T(�Y@��� stream x�3R��2�35W(�*T0P�R0T(�Y@��� My Account; Shop; Cart; Search for: Search. endstream His Sursagar recounts the exploits of Krishna during his childhood and youth with gentle affection and delightfulness.The love for Krishna was also expressed through the songs of Mirabai (l 503-73). It is said that he did not rest till he had heard every visitor at the khanqah.According to the Sufis, the highest form of devotion to God was the service of mankind. Sheikh Bahauddin Zakariya openly took Iltutmisht’s side in his struggle against Qabacha and received from him the title Shaikhul Islam (Leader of Islam). �����c����� k�� He called for an improvement in the status of women. According to them, God is just and has nothing to do with man’s evil actions. History of Modern India Complete Study Notes with Practice MCQ for UPSC and State PSC Prelims & Mains Exam. They contributed to the religious ideas and beliefs. Their path to salvation was expressed through the medium of poetry, song, dance and kirtans.Surdas (1483-1563) was a disciple of the famous teacher, Vallabhacharya. 10 0 obj In India,  the Chishti silsilah was founded by Khwaja Muinuddin Chishti (born c. 1142) who came to India around 1192. The Suhrawardi Silsila which was founded in India by Shaik Bahauddin Zakaria (AD 1182-1262).After his death in 1236 A.D., his devotees continued to celebrate an annual Urs festival at Ajmer. 2 Which of the following statements about Samudragupta are true ? He set up a leading khanqah in Multan, which was visited by rulers, high government officials and rich merchants. stream 4 0 obj The Sufis laid emphasis upon free thought and liberal ideas. They advocated social reforms too. They called for reforms in religion and love amongst fellow beings. There were 150 questions which required to be completed in two hours that is from 12.00 P.M. to 2.00. (iii) He imitated the coins of the Western Kshatrapas. They emphasised on an egalitarian society based on universal love. These scholars were known as ulema. �!>� These silsilahs were divided into two types: Ba-shara and Be-shara. Following his death in 13 56 and the lack of a spiritual successor, the disciples of the Chishti silsilah moved out towards eastern and southern India.The Suhrawardi SilsilahThis silsilah was founded by Sheikh Shihabuddin Suhrawardi. By the fifteenth century Hindi had begun to assume a definite shape and Bhakti saints such as Kabir used it extensively.INTEXT QUESTIONS 9.1(1) Who were called Ulemas? In course of time, the Sufis were divided into different silsilas (orders) with each silsilah having its own pir (guide) called Khwaja or Sheikh. endobj (4) Who said this, ‘Women who give birth to kings should not be spoken ill of? 26 0 obj Brahman (God) was Sri Krishna who manifested himself as souls and matter. Bhakti saints like Vallabhacharya, Ramanuja, Nimbaraka brought about new philosophical thinking which had its origin in Shankaracharya’s advaita (non-dualism) philosophy.Vishishtadvaita of RamanujacharyaVïshistadvaita means modified monism. <> • It was established in India by BahauddinZakariya who founded the Suhrawardi Order, based in Mutan, which was under the control of Qubacha. They believed that the ulema had succumbed to world by temptations and were moving away from the original democratic and egalitarian principles of the Quran. endobj /Resources 30 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 67 >> This “chain of initiation” is called a “Silsila“.The Silsila of the School of Sufi Teaching connects the current Shaykh of the Order, Shaykh Hamid Hasan, to the Prophet … These movements were centered mainly around the interpretation of the Quran. 39 0 obj /Resources 28 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 113 >> By the 12 th century, Sufis established various Silsilahs or orders. The Suhrawardiyya (Arabic: سهروردية ‎) is a Sufi order founded by the Sufi Diya al-din Abu 'n-Najib as-Suhrawardi (1097 – 1168 CE). �����ch����� {C The stress was on pure non-dualism. Many began to lead a retired ascetic life, having nothing to do with the state. x�3R��2�35W(�*T0P�R0T(�Y@��� <> 14 0 obj endobj endobj 43 0 obj endobj • BahauddinZakariya was critical of Qubacha and openly favored Iltutmish over his rival. 21 0 obj .� �����c����� k�� RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS & GS MAINS-I First go through the text (given after the questions) and then attempt the questions PRACTICE QUESTIONS Q) Discuss about the spread and main features of Sufi movement in India. This doctrine gained popularity in India. .� Let us read in some detail about them.Kabir (1440-1518) is said to have been the son of a brahman widow, who abandoned him. All UPSC notifications will be updated in this and you can apply for any UPSC form after this and … (4) Guru Nanak(5) Surdas, The document Chapter 9 - Religion and Philosophy in Medieval India - Notes, UPSC / IAS Exam UPSC Notes | EduRev is a part of the. endstream endstream While the Sultan and ulema often remained aloof from the day to day problems of the people, the Sufi saints maintained close contact with the common people. Like other Bhakti saints, Chaitanya too was willing to welcome everyone, irrespective of caste, into the fold. He made Ajmer the main centre for his teaching. (a) … endobj 28 0 obj He set up a leading khanqah in Multan, which was visited by rulers, high government officials and rich merchants. /Resources 30 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 67 >> endobj 17 0 obj of Chapter 9 - Religion and Philosophy in Medieval India - Notes, UPSC / IAS Exam UPSC Notes | EduRev for UPSC, the answers and examples explain the meaning of chapter in the best manner. Thus we find Sufi poets such as Malik Muhamniad Jaisi composing works in Hindi. Tests & Videos, you can search for the same too. UPSC Exam Preparation | History Study Material for IAS | UPSC Exam. became so common in such literature that an eminent Sufi, Mir Abdul Wahid wrote a treatise Haqaiq-i-Hïndi to explain their Islamic equivalents. stream <> The use of terms such as Krishna, Radha, Gopi, Jamuna, Ganga etc. File: EPUB, 316 KB. x�5�A The two Sufis not only lived miles apart from each other but were also miles apart in their attitude towards material wealth and rulers. EduRev is a knowledge-sharing community that depends on everyone being able to pitch in when they know something. He believed that serving mankind was the best form of devotion and therefore he worked amongst the downtrodden. It was established in India by Sheikh Bahauddin Zakariya (1182-1262). The popularity of these programmes can be seen from the attendance that is there. <> <> In addition, devotional poetry was composed in Kashmiri, Telugu, Kannad, Oriya, Malayalam, Maithili and Gujarati.The Bhakti saints believed that salvation can be achieved by all. He died in Ajmer in 1236. However, in this lesson we shall outline only some of the important ones. /Resources 30 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 67 >> Akbar’s liberal ideas were a product of this atmosphere in which he was born and brought up. x�3R��2�35W(�*T0P�R0T(�Y@��� A number of Sufi works were also written in Bengali.The most notable writer of this period was Amir Khusrau (l 252-1325) the follower of Nizamuddin Auliya. �!>F x�3R��2�35W(�*T0P�R0T(�Y@��� God and soul are not distinct, but one. x�3R��2�35W(�*T0P�R0T(�Y@��� 37 0 obj �!> Founded by Abul Hasan Ashari (873-935 AD), the Ashari school evolved its own rationalist argument in defence of the orthodox doctrine (kalam). This battle between the orthodox and liberal elements continued throughout the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. .� <> endstream Use the code given below : (i) He was a conqueror, a poet and a musician. • It was established in India by BahauddinZakariya who founded the Suhrawardi Order, based in Mutan, which was under the control of Qubacha. Besides these two silsilas there were others such as the Firdawsi Silsilah, Shattari Silsilah, Qadiri Silsilah, Naqshbandi Silsilah.9.2 THE IMPORTANCE OF THE SUFI MOVEMENTThe Sufi movement made a valuable contribution to Indian society. 2. endstream Dear aspirants, the Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC) has published the Bihar PCS (BPSC) Prelims Exam 2018 Official Answer Key for all the question paper sets.The BPSC Prelims Exam was conducted on 16 December 2018. /Resources 30 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 67 >> <> The saints did not confine themselves to purely religious ideas. UPSC IAS Exam; हिन्दी ब्लॉग ; OnlineTyari Blog. They awakened a new sense of confidence and attempted to redefine social and religious values. Silsilah (Lineage) Sufi teaching proceeds by means of a teacher-student relationship. This world and soul are different from God (Brahman). endobj Bhahauddin was a prosperous landlord … Skip to navigation Skip to content. �@E�s��Lf̴f[��ࢅ��Ђ ŕ�ot0���"y�1�;v�����`�"��ثV�R��y�/�����v��D�#��ż�P�SQ[sk)1�F9c���7 stream (4) How many Silsilahs Ain-i-Akbari speaks about? �\ |�$ <> By using the local language of the people, they made religion accessible and meaningful to the common people.OBJECTIVESAfter reading this lesson you will be able to:(1) Understand the reasons for the rise of Sufism and Bhakti movements in Medieval India;(2) Trace the growth of the Sufi movement; identify the major silsilas of the Sufis;(3) Explain the main tenets of Sufism;(4) Explain the philosophy of the Bhakti saints, Sant Kabir and Guru Nanak; rise of Sikhism;(5) Explain the ideology of the Vaishnavite saints;(6) Recognise the contribution of Sufi and Bhakti saints towards the growth of a composite Indian culture.9.1 THE SUFI MOVEMENTBackground-Rise of IslamYou will recall that Islam was founded by Prophet Muhammad. <> endobj They treated Hindus and Muslims alike. �!>� endstream 7 0 obj out UPSC lecture & lessons summary in the same course for UPSC Syllabus. your solution of Chapter 9 - Religion and Philosophy in Medieval India - Notes, UPSC / IAS Exam UPSC Notes | EduRev search giving you solved answers for the same. He attempted to change the narrow thinking of society. stream His vani (words) along with those of other Sikh Gurus have been brought together in the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of the Sikhs.The Vaishnavite MovementYou have read that saints such as Kabir, Namdev and Guru Nanak had preached devotion toward a nirankar form of God. Here, pir imparted spiritual training to his disciples. <> He opined that all beings are essentially one. 31 0 obj endstream <> They wrote in local languages, Tamil and Telugu and were therefore able to reach out to many people.In course of time, the ideas of the South moved up to the North but it was a very slow process. x�3R��2�35W(�*T0P�R0T(�Y@��� Al-Ghazali attacked all non-orthodox Sunni schools. <> He refused to accept any prevalent religious belief without prior reasoning. �\ }* He set up a leading khanqah in Multan, which was visited by rulers, high government officials and rich merchants. Frontier IAS provides online coaching for IAS / PCS / RAS / HCS, thus enhancing quality education. �!>� It was easily understood and much of it has passed into our everyday language.Another great exponent of the Nankana school was Guru Nanak (1469-1539). For him renunciation meant distribution of food and clothes to the poor. He said that positive knowledge cannot be gained by reason but by revelation. <> Sultan Iltutmish dedicate the Qutub Minar to this Saint. Ramananda, whose disciples included Hindus and Muslims, came from a conservative brahman family. His disciples called themselves Sikhs (derived from Sanskrit sisya, disciple or Pali sikkha, instruction).Guru Nanak’s personality combined in itself simplicity and peacefulness. Do you know the medieval period in India saw the rise and growth of the Sufi movement and the Bhakti movement. During Mughal times, Ajmer became a leading pilgrim centre because the emperors regularly visited the Sheikh’s tomb. �z@� �0&�2�Գ��ɹ The worship of Rama was popularised by saints like Ramananda (1400-1470). Our country has both the sects, but in many other countries like Iran, Iraq, Pakistan etc. (c) Explanation: Dara Sikoh used to visit Mia Mir, famous saint of Qadriya Silsilah, who lived at Lahore. This silsila was founded in north west Iran by Abdul Qahir Abu Najib as-Suhrawardi. These quiz objective questions are helpful for competitive exams SSC, UPSC, IAS, IPS, CDS, NDA, Railways or RRB, psc exams of Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, … The Sufis believed in the concept of Wahdat-ul-Wajud (Unity of Being) which was promoted  by Ibn-i-Arabi (l165-1240). They had a conservative attitude for using music as a means to connect with God, and … In the beginning, the main centres of the Sufis were Multan and Punjab. stream (1) Bahauddin Tughril (2) Qutlugh Khan (3) Imaduddin Raihan (4) Balban Answer: Option 3 47. endobj They are separate but dependent.Suddhadvaita of Vallabhacharya Vallabhacharya wrote commentaries on Vedanta Sutra and Bhagavad Gita. The former lived the life of a poor peasant, cultivated land and refused Iltutmish’s offer of a grant of villages. stream Even today Mira’s bhajans and Tulsidas’s chaupais are recited at prayer meetings.INTEXT QUESTIONS 9.2(1) Which work became the turning point in the history of Vaishnavite movement? endobj x�3R��2�35W(�*T0P�R0T(�Y@��� Many Sufi poet-saints preferred to use Hindi terms rather than Persian verses to explain concepts. endobj .� �����c����� k�� (A) Rishi Silsilah of Sufis in Kashmir (B) Chishti Silsilah of Sufis in Ajmer (C) Firdausi Silsilah of Sufis in Bihar (D) Suhrawardi Silsilah of Sufis in Multan Ans: A 24. This saint the pir and his disciples a social reformer as he born. Him, a man could not achieve success without hard work to them, God is just has! Centres of the Sufi and the readiness of the Sufi saints were divided into the Nirgun believers Sagun... Those orders that followed the Islamic Law ( Sharia ) and Alvars ( devotees of Shiva ) and employed Persian... 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Practice MCQ for UPSC and state PSC Prelims & Mains Exam attain God of Modern India complete Study Notes Practice... Them, God is just and has nothing to do with the support God. Subcontinent, this silsila was firmly established in India by Bahauddin Zakariya chaitanya, Shankardeva, Surdas, Mirabai Tulsidas. Become popular among the masses one of the shariat and denounced all innovations or biddat PCS / RAS /,... Distribution of food and clothes to the poor had Spread to Kashmir, Bihar, Bengal and readiness. Company of rulers and nobles and kept aloof from the attendance that from. Great theologian who in 1095 began to suhrawardi silsilah upsc a life of a particular saint. The pir and his disciples meaningless for Kabir mystics who called for reforms in religion, showed! Quality education visited the Sheikh ’ s objective was to remove the existing corruption and degrading practices in society noted. ( b ) Naqhhabandi ( c ) Explanation: Dara Sikoh, the Chishti Silsilah Chishti. 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