gandharva form of marriage

Timbarū was a chieftain of the gandharvas. Athira Manesh has given the classical Eight Forms of marriage according to Manu and several other Dharma Shastra. Rakshasa marriage was by forcible capture and allowed only to Kshatriyas or military classes. In this form of marriage the bride is given in exchange for two cows received from the groom. Gandharva is a nastika and king of the Gandharva clan.He is currently in the human realm, reluctantly helping God Kubera with his scheme in exchange for information on his missing daughter, Shakuntala.. However, this kind of marriage is quite like some lyrics of Ed Sheeran’s ‘Shape of You’. When you’re living in, it is a simple consensual relationship where you live together with the one you love and well, have sex consensually. The institution Gandharva Mahavidyalaya, Pune, which imparts music education, is run by the trustee organisation ‘Bharatiya Sangeet Prasarak Mandal’. 3. It is indeed a very good idea to know about the history of Gandharva wedding, and here you can get more details. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'newworldencyclopedia_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',162,'0','0'])); Gandharvas were said to be husbands of the Apsaras, nymph-like female nature spirits who held jurisdiction over the clouds and water. In Gandharva marriage, the main ritual is the exchange of garlands between the groom and the bride under a tree and they entered into a happy marriage. [4] This occurs when man and woman make mutually consensual love, but do so without formal approval from anyone else, most importantly their parents. Vide in the goods of Sourabmoni Dassi, AIR 1920 Cal 620, Lalit Mohan v. Shyamapada, . With this in mind, skilled singers both male and female who have mastered classical Indian music have been popularly referred to as "Gandharvas" as an homage to their divinely inspired abilities. Daiva Marriage. According to the Janavasabha-sutta (DN.18), sentient beings are reborn among the Gandharvas as a consequence of having practiced the most basic form of ethics. in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. Brahma marriage has the most supreme position of the eight types of Hindu matrimony. They appear as support to Jikokuten when he acts as a boss in Old Ichigaya Camp and as support to Titania and Oberon in the Shibuya Quartz gold boss room. Pañcasikha went to Timbarū's home and played a melody on his lute constructed of beluva-wood, singing a love-song into which he wove themes about the Buddha and his Arhats. There are many such instances in the old tales. This free choice and mutual attraction were generally approved by their kinsmen. Out of the eight forms of Hindu marriage, the first four, i.e. The famous marriage of king Dushyanta and Shakuntala was such type of marriage. In Prajapatya marriage, a couple agree to be married by exchanging vows to each other. Something went wrong while submitting the form. Love marriages that occur in the modern society are a form of Gandharva marriage. Applicant No. In the Catholic Church, however, marriage is more than a natural institution; it was elevated by Christ Himself, in His participation in the wedding at Cana (John 2:1-11), to be one of the seven sacraments. Athira Manesh has given the classical Eight Forms of marriage according to Manu and several other Dharma Shastra. Matali, meanwhile, is the charioteer and representative for Śakra, Buddhist equivalent of Indra, and the Trayastrimsa devas over whom Sakra ruled. The other seven are: Brahma, Daiva, Arya, Prajapatya, Asura, Raksasa and Paisacha. In a similar role, gandharva prepared and guarded Soma, the intoxicating ritual beverage which was thought to bestow power on both gods and human beings alike. Akhil Bhartiya Gandharva Mahavidyalaya Mandal works for the promotion and propagation of Indian Classical Music and Dances. [3] Buddhist gandharvas are also known for their skill as musicians, as well as their connection to the wilderness. Same as the gandharvas perform marriage ceremony on their own caste but not on same Gotra. We find references of this type of wedding in Hindu mythologies and epics. Gandharva marriage is a form of love marriage. 5. The Act calls marriage solemnized under the Act as Hindu … Fittingly, this gandharva is considered a personification of the light of the sun. Iconographical depictions attempt to synthesize all these aspects of their character, and so the gandharvas are commonly pictured in flight with their musical instruments abreast, scarves and flower garlands rippling behind them. There has been many changes in the manner of concentrating a Hindu marriage in contemporary society. Bachelors searching for brides can exclusively perform this homa to get married to their desired life partner. So forget living in, it’s as good as leading a dual life if you choose to do so because it is considered to be ‘against our Indian culture’. This is equivalent of eloping in today`s world, and couples whose union is not blessed by families seek refuge in this custom. We are all used to marriages full of glitz and glam, religious ceremonies and vows being exchanged between bride and groom with an entire family and extended clan surrounding while doing so. This form of marriage is so-called because the Gandharvas, keeping an ever-watchful eye from the heavens, are said to be the only ones who bear witness the union. This form of marriage did not require consent of parents or anyone else. According to Manu “The voluntary connection of a maiden and a man is to be known as a Gandharva union which arises from lust”. The bride and the groom had met each other in their ordinary village life, or in various other places such as regional festivals and fairs, begun to enjoy each other's company, and decided to be together. Marriage Delay Remedies. In their more unnerving forms, they are said to haunt remote areas such as forest glades and ponds. Gandharvas also have symbolic connections with procreation and sexuality, including the Hindu institution of "Gandharva marriage," a consensual union of husband and wife who have cosummated their relationship before any sort of ceremonial union. Gandharva is a name used for distinct heavenly beings in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Gandarvas were also powerful warriors who roamed in Indian kingdoms disregarding any Indian king or Kshatriya warrior. It has nearly 1100 affiliated institutions and nearly 800 Exam Centres all over the country and few centers outside the country. There happens to be a famous couple who entered this form of marriage – Shakuntala and Dushyanta. This is the kind of marriage, that of course did not become completely acceptable back then, and even now. Panchadasi in this form is known by the name of Kamaraja-vidya. In this form, the bride with own consent gives herself away to the bridegroom. But of course, some rituals are being followed in this type of marriage. But in the context of the Hindu Marriage System the expression “forms of marriage” denotes “the method of consecrating a […] In this, the bride’s family waits for a suitable groom. Gandharva raja Homam is exclusively performed for removing the obstacles in one’s marriage plans. Arsha marriage. Gandharva usually appears as a slender male human with light blue skin tone. As such, it was considered necessary to keep the gandharvas appeased with many offerings, obeisances and prayers. Among the notable gandharvas in Buddhist mythology are Timbarū, Pañcasikha, and Mātali. Later on in the same text, gandharva are said to be the offspring of Kasyapa and Arishta, which would actually render them th… In a sense, Gandharva form of marriage is trying to come back very fast (in India), pushing parental domination to the background..." Blessed be God! A minor girl is incompetent to contract this ‘Gandharva’ form of marriage as she is incapable of giving her consent. In this kind of marriage, the mutual love and consent of the bride and the bridegroom is the only condition required to bring about the union. They are classed among the Cāturmahārājikakāyika devas, and are subject to the Great King Dhṛtarāṣṭra, Guardian of the East. GANDHARVA VIVAAH: This is a love marriage between a man and a woman without the consent of their families. This is a unique form of marriage and is different from other forms of marriage. In the raksasa form the groom battles with the girl's family, overcomes them and carries her away. In Hindu law, one of the eight legitimate types of marriage is referred to as a Gandharva marriage. This mutual agreement arises from pure lust. Marriage as a Supernatural Institution . Among Hindus there is a prevailing belief that gandharvas will occasionally visit earth and persuade young unmarried women into amourous encounters, only to vanish after impregnating them, leaving their earthly lovers in misery. This form of marriage did not require consent of parents or anyone else. Gandharva marriage is a form of love marriage. In this form, the bride with own consent gives herself away to the bridegroom. Later, Śakra prevailed upon Pañcasikha to intercede with the Buddha so that Śakra might have an audience with him. They have incomparable healing powers and are identified in the Rg Veda as the physicians of the gods; but, in contrast, they are also capable of causing madness. In Gandharva marriage, the couple can meet each other of their own accord, consent to live together, and their relationship that born of passion is consummated willingly by both of them. The first and the third are arranged marriage whereas the second one is love marriage. It is read as ka e ii la hrii.m. Bachelors searching for brides can exclusively perform this homa to get married to their desired life partner. Gandharva Kingdom refers to the territory inhabited by a people called the Gandharvas, who were one of the Exotic Tribes of Ancient India.They were well versed in music and dance. Marriage Marriage is the most important for the every person. Gandharva marriage occurs when man and woman make mutually consensual love, but do so without formal approval from anyone else, most importantly their parents. The other seven are: Brahma, Daiva, Arsa, Prajapatya, Asura, Raksasa and Paisacha. Forms and Types of Hindu Marriage The expression ‘forms of marriage” normally refers to the four major forms of marriage such as — Monogamy, Polygamy, Polyandry and Group Marriage — as mentioned by anthropologist Malinowski. The Gandharva marriage works on similar lines. The Padma Purana, meanwhile, considers the gandharvas to be children of Vac, the goddess of speech. Even if a girl is seen sitting behind a boy on a bike, the mohalla people begin to freak. In Hindu law, a gandharva marriage is one contracted by mutual consent and without formal rituals. Forms of marriages in modern Hindu law: The Hindu marriage Act, 1955, does not specially provide for any forms of marriage. It was in this manner that krsna Paramatman married Rukmini. History. Brahma marriage is considered the religiously most appropriate marriage, where father finds an educated man and proposes the marriage of his daughter to him. Some are part animal: often their face was that of a bird, and their hindquarters were those of a horse or donkey. The Smritis of Hinduism recognize eight methods of marriage, one of them being Gandharva marriage. The other rituals of Hindu religion were not necessarily to be followed in case of Gandharva marriage. "The voluntary union of a maiden and her lover, one must know (to be) the Gandharva rite which springs from desire and has sexual intercourse for its purpose".. Yajnavalkya defines the Gandharva form of marriage as a marriage by mutual consent and Vijnaneswara adds that Gandharva marriage takes place through the mutual love of the parties. Gandharva- It is a love marriage, that is, voluntary union of maiden and her lover. Family Court has taken support of observations made by this Court in case reported in 2010(5) LJSOFT (URC) 13, in the case of Sau.Manda R. Thaore V/s Ramaji Ghanshyam Thaore. Daiva: In this form of marriage, a well decorated bride is offered to the priest who performs religious acts and rituals for the spiritual benefits of the father of the bride. Overview. One popular love story in Buddhist lore links these three important gandharvas. In this form of marriage, the bride’s family is enticed by wealth in return for bestowing their daughter. 1 Jaishree has given admission that her so-called marriage with present respondent No. Oh well! This is equivalent of eloping in today`s world, and couples whose union is not blessed by families seek refuge in this custom. The Patna High Court went further and held that the celebration of Gandharva form of marriage must be attended with nuptial rites and ceremonies including Homa (invocation before the sacred fire) and Saptapadi (the taking of seven steps by the bride-groom and the bride together) for its validity, Arsha marriage is where the groom gives a cow and a bull to the father of the bride and the father exchanges his daughter in marriage. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. The references of this type of wedding can be found in Hindu mythologies and epics. How feminism has de-evolved over the ages, we say! The bride and the groom get married without a formal ceremony. During the Rig Vedic times, this was one of the most popular forms of marriage in which mutual consent and freedom of choice were of utmost importance. Here they are among other wild beings that can potentially disturb a solitary monk in his attempts to meditate. They meet each other of their own accord, … This human-animal hybridity lead some nineteenth century scholars to draw a connection between the theonym gandharva and that of the Greek centaurs,[2] although this ostensible association has been met with strong opposition from most Indo-Europeanists. (Can you believe?). Gandharva Vivaah: When a man and a woman marry for love and without the consent and participation of their families, that marriage is called Gandharva Vivaah or 'love marriage.'. A Brahma marriage is where a boy is able to get married once he has completed his student hood, or Brahmacharya. The Gandharva Marriage concept has been recognized by the ancient Nepali Texts. We find references of this type of wedding in Hindu mythologies and epics. A marriage between two Christians, therefore, has a supernatural element as well as a natural one. : Put new text under old text. Monogamy, the union between two individuals, is the most common form of marriage.While monogamy traditionally referred to the union of one man and one woman, there are some countries that recognize same-sex unions. A minor girl is incompetent to contract this ‘Gandharva’ form of marriage as she is incapable of giving her consent. Bachelors searching for brides can exclusively perform this homa to get married to their desired life partner. (According to Hindu religion, two persons of … This form of marriage has a very liberal perspective. It gives the girl the opportunity to select her partner. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: The history of this article since it was imported to New World Encyclopedia: Note: Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. Lord Gandharva Raja is famous for preventing delays in marriage. Such a form of marriage is often referred to as the solution to a relationship where families of the bride and groom don’t agree to the marriage, then Gandharv Marriage is an option. The Gandharva marriage (the marriage of the celestials) involves simple exchange of garlands . Arsha means Rishi or sage in Sanskrit and hence Arsha marriage suggests marriages with the sages or rishis. There is the implication that the groom is wealthy but not worthy enough, which is compensated by money. The two families meet, the daughter is ceremonially decorated, the father gives away his daughter in betrothal, with a Vedic ceremony performed. Gandharva of Nepal Pages. Marriage performed in gandharva form -wife is not entitled to get maintenance u/s 125 of crpc . As a reward for Pañcasikha's services, Śakra was able to get Suriyavaccasā, already pleased with Pañcasikha's display of skill and devotion, to agree to marry Pañcasikha. Asura Marriage. The Smritis of Hinduism recognize eight methods of marriage, one of them being Gandharva marriage. There are seven other kinds of marriages mentioned in Hindu scriptures, some of which are acceptable and some not. It is also a term for skilled singers in Indian classical music . ; Please sign and date your posts by typing four tildes ( ~~~~). These were Brahma (bride given gift by father), Gandharva (mutual agreement of bride and bridegroom) and Asura(bride virtually sold by the father). Infatuated by their bond of love, the bride and the groom establish a bodily union without having … This marriage involves simple exchange of garlands. The Gandharva marriage works on similar lines. Brahma, Daiva, Arsha and Prajapatya were the approved forms of marriage and the last four such as Asura, Gandharva, Rakshasa and Paishacha were unapproved forms of marriage. Out of the eight classical kinds of Hindu marriages, a Gandharva marriage is purely based on love and passion. The second goes by the name of Kamaraja and is composed of the six letters ha sa ka ha la hrii.m. Upavedas, meaning "applied knowledge," are specific applications of Vedic teachings. In this form of marriage, a father gets his daughter married to sages in exchange of … The famous marriage of king Dushyanta and Shakuntala was such type of marriage. As such, Gandharvas often filled the role of entertainers in the heavenly courts, appearing at banquets and other special events to create beautiful music for the gods while the Apsaras danced along. It is like buying a product by paying a huge amount of money. There is a mutual agreement between the girl and boy to get married. The Gandharva form of marriage is somewhat similar to the present day love marriage, but it was considered inferior because this form of marriage was done by passionate impulses. This form of marriage was prevalent among Rajbanshis and in Manipur. The bride is quite literally sold in this form of marriage. Gandharva wedding or that the first wife is still alive is no reason to neglect and deny maintenance to the second wife, the Bombay high court told a The third is named Shaktibija consisting of the four letters sa ka la-hrii.m. 2. You can thank us later for finding this amazeballs of a loophole in the our marriage system. There are eight types of Hindu matrimonies, these are; Brahma, Daiva, Arsha, Prajapatya, Gandharva, Asura, Rakshasa and Paishaca. The gandharva type is the "love marriage" that has such enthusiastic support these days. Gandharva marriage is a kind of marriage where the couple can live together out of love, with mutual consent, consummating their relationship consensually. However, true to their inconstant nature, the interaction of the Gandharvas with human beings does not always prove to be so benevolent. This form of marriage is undesirable only because there is a monetary transactional aspect to the marriage. A Gandharva Marriage (Sanskrit: गन्धर्व विवाह, pronounced gənd̪ʱərvə vɪvaːhə) is one of the eight classical types of Hindu marriage.This ancient marriage tradition from the Indian subcontinent was based on mutual attraction between two people, with no rituals, witnesses or family participation. They also appear in a similar function at other events of mythological significance, such as the all-important horse sacrifice in the Mahabharata. Notably, they are one of the few demons that learn Rising Upper. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article Linga inside a railing (left), being worshipped by Gandharvas winged creatures. From Sanskrit, gandharva means "skilled singer" or "master of music"; and veda means "knowledge" or "wisdom.". Gandharva : In this form of marriage, there is a union of the bride and bridegroom by mutual consent motivated by their mutual love and sexual instincts. Gandharva veda is one of the four main upavedas, which are derived from the four Vedas - "Rig Veda," "Yajur Veda," "Sama Veda" and "Atharva Veda." […] Such associations occur most frequently with the storm-god Indra, for whom the Gandharvas dance, sing and play games in Svarga ("the good kingdom"), his glorious abode atop the mythical Mount Meru. In one encounter, the Gandharvas overthrew the kingdom of the Nagas, not only defeating the serpents in battle but also taking their jewels as well. ; New to Wikipedia? Gandharvas (from the Sanskrit: गंधर्व, gandharva, possibly meaning "fragrances") refers to a group of low-ranking male nature dieties that appear in both Hindu, Buddhist, and sometimes even Jain mythology. According to Apastamba Grhyasutra, an ancient Hindu literature, Gandharva marriage is a the method of marriage where the woman chooses her own husband.. Accordingly, it was considered embarrassing for a monk to be born in no better birth than that of a Gandharva. The nature of the Gandharvas is capricious, to say the least. The Gandharva marriage (the marriage of the celestials) involves simple exchange of garlands . In conjunction with their musical abilities, Gandharvas are thought to be able to bestow beautiful singing voices upon girls. The groom takes a vow to fulfill his obligations to the bride and family life. This marriage is equivalent to eloping in today's world, and couples whose union is … The Devi Katyayani Mantra for early marriage can nourish your post-marital life, and will invite … The other rituals of Hindu religion were not necessarily to be followed in case of Gandharva marriage. This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3.0 License (CC-by-sa), which may be used and disseminated with proper attribution. Features of Gandharva marriage The bride selects her own husband. Gandharva marriage is a kind of marriage where the couple can live together out of love, with mutual consent, consummating their relationship consensually. In other words, it’s love marriage. Art, Music, Literature, Sports and leisure, https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/p/index.php?title=Gandharva&oldid=679790, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Examinations are conducted twice a year on behalf of Bharatiya Sangeet Prasarak Mandal in the month of July and December. Pañcasikha was immediatly stricken with the pangs of infatuation when he saw Timbarū's daughter Bhaddā Suriyavaccasā dancing before Śakra, but was unable to act upon his feelings, since Suriyavaccasā was at that point in love with Sikhandī, Mātali's son. In the Hindu tradition, the term gandharva is used in both the singular and the plural to refer a particular divine being and a race of related demigods, respectively. Rakshasa- It is a forcible marriage against the will. Mythological Gandharva marriages of note include that resulting from the love affair between King Dushyanta and his eventual wife Shakuntala presented in the Mahabharata. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. Such marriages are considered valid solely to provide a woman with the legal status of being a wife, and are certainly not intended to promote sexual activity outside or marriage. It is a special form of marriage which is validated by custom among the Bairagis. The Gandharvas upheld an intense rivalry with another group of nature spirits, the Nagas, a mythological race of snake-like dieties. Gandharva Marriage: A Type Of Indian Marriage That Allows Live In Relationships. Appearance. The former sense of the term is prevalent earlier on in the Vedas, where the celestial gandharva acts as messenger between the divine and human worlds, commonly holding the secrets of the gods and revealing them to select beings. Gandharva vivah is one of the eight types of Hindu marriages as per the Manu Smriti. As such, Gandharva marriage is looked down upon and not intentionally practiced. Ask questions, get answers. This form of marriage does not require the consent of parents or anyone else in the family. Your submission has been received! This form of marriage occurred in ancient times when yajna sacrifices were prevalent. Oops! This usually happens when the groom is no match for the girl but still wants to marry her. A Brahma marriage is where a boy is able to get married once he has completed his student hood, or Brahmacharya. Daiva marriage the father gives away his daughter along with ornaments to a priest as a sacrificial fee. Though child marriage or Bal-Vivaha was not widespread or rather very rare in the Indian culture but, according to Manu Smiriti, the Vedic law of all social classes, there existed eight main forms of marriages in ancient India. Pañcasikha acts as a messenger for the Four Heavenly Kings, conveying news from them to Mātali. Gandharva form: The Gandharva marriage was the union of a man and a woman by mutual consent (love marriage). [1] Later on in the same text, gandharva are said to be the offspring of Kasyapa and Arishta, which would actually render them the grand-children of Brahma. On this The term gandharva also came to denote an entire race of male nature spirits, 60 million in number, who, according to the Vishnu Purana, were the sons of Lord Brahma, the creator deity. However, here’s the twist in this tale. Gandharva raja Homam is exclusively performed for removing the obstacles in one’s marriage plans. Click here to start a new topic. 2 was in Gandharv form. Thank you! We find references of this type of wedding in Hindu mythologies and epics. The Gandharva Marriage or the marriage of the celestials involves a simple exchange of garlands upon which the sanctity of the marriage is confirmed. The Gandharva Vivaha (the marriage of the celestials) involves simple exchange of garlands . © 2016 BINGEDAILY™, all rights reserved. The one and only criterion for carrying out t… In this form, the bride with own consent gives herself away to the bridegroom. In law hindu marriage gandharva - prompt. Brahma Form: In this form of marriage the father of the girl respectfully invites the bridegroom at his … Daiva form of Marriage: The Daiva form of marriage was slightly different from the Brahma form of … Marriages of this type used to happen because the parents of the bride couldn't afford the expense of their daughter's marriage at the right time according to the brahma rite. 8. Indians are known for celebrating festivals with a variety of sweets. If she doesn’t get married to a … You can thank us later for finding this amazeballs of a loophole in the our marriage system. This homa is very powerful and, once completed, it will surely bring all kinds of benefits to an individual. The idea of a couple living together without marriage is most definitely frowned upon in India. This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Gandharva marriage article. Gandharva form: The Gandharva marriage was the union of a man and a woman by mutual consent (love marriage). Marriage Delay Remedies can be obtained by performing a homa to Gandharva … GANDHARVA MARRIAGE The Gandharva form of marriage is the union of a man and a woman by mutual consent. Marriage Delay Remedies can be obtained by performing a homa to Gandharva … Paralleling later Hinduism, Buddhist theology considers gandharvas (or, in Pāli, Gandhabba) to be a race of demi-gods, ranking among the lowest variations of devas. Gandharva marriage is a form of love marriage. Welcome! In all three traditions, the gandharvas are closely related to the wilderness as well as the creative arts, particularly music. A widow could not be remarried under this form of marriage. The Vedic Scriptures say that Lord Shiva himself performed this homa to marry the goddess Parvathi. Marriage Delay Remedies. Home; About Us; Monday, August 6, 2012. Gandharvas are also closely related to Buddhist soteriology. According to Vedic records, this is one of earliest and common form of marriage in Rig vedic times. Marriage Delay Remedies Gandharva Raja Homam is exclusively performed for removing the obstacles in one’s marriage plans. A minor girl is incompetent to contract this ‘Gandharva’ form of marriage as she is incapable of giving her consent. 3. Baudhayana says that the Gandharva is lawful for Vaisyas and Sudras. ‘Come over and start up a conversation with just me, Take my hand, stop, put Van the Man on the jukebox, And then we start to dance, and now I'm singing like, Your love was handmade for somebody like me, So, we’ll stop singing and come to the point. And if we were to scourge around some old libraries and find scriptures like the Kama Sutra (No, do not point at sex positions and laugh, you’re not in eighth grade anymore), the Mahabharata, they show that Rishi Kanva, the foster-father of Shakuntala, claim that this form of marriage is ideal. Brahma marriage has the most supreme position of the eight types of Hindu matrimony. Gandharva can be contracted in Suginami field and can spawn in the lower corner of the map with Apsaras. While this variation of marriage is considered valid, it is among the four "reprehensible" forms of legal union since it is carried out in the absence of parental validation, ritual affirmation, and is ultimately based upon lust. This form of marriage is so-called because the Gandharvas, keeping an ever-watchful eye from the heavens, are said to be the only ones who bear witness the union. Accordingly, the term Gandharva or gandhabba is also used in a completely different sense, referring to a being (or, strictly speaking, part of the causal continuum of consciousness) in a liminal state between birth and death. Below are some acceptable (and still prevalent) forms of marriages in the Indian society. The first is called Vagbhava, as it imparts mystery over all forms of speech. Gandharva marriage is a method of marriage where the woman chooses her own husband.

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